Guide Jihad and Genocide (Studies in Genocide: Religion, History, and Human Rights)

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John Soboslai. Kate E. David Benfield. What can we help you find? Faculty and Staff. Dorothy Rogers Dickson Hall rogersd montclair. Maureen Corbeski Dickson Hall corbeskim montclair. Maureen Corbeski is the program assistant for the Department of Religion. She received a BS from the University of Caldwell.

European Joint Master of Human Rights and Genocide Studies 2/2

Mark Clatterbuck Dickson Hall clatterbuckm montclair. His primary research area is the Native North American encounter with Christianity. Yasir Ibrahim Dickson Hall ibrahimy montclair. John Soboslai Dickson Hall soboslaij montclair. His research interests include: comparative study of religious violence and the relationship between religion and the state in an increasingly interconnected global society.

Temoney Dickson Hall temoneyk montclair. Thus too we have not edited the text when it concentrates so legitimately on the murders of Assyrians and locates them alongside other fellow Christian victims — the Armenians and Greeks, but errs in not recognizing still other victims — such as the Yezidi people — about whom we also report in this issue of GPN.

Taking the side of protecting all human life

What is becoming clear is that almost all genocide scholars have erred for years in not identifying the full array of victims in the Armenian Genocide. I belong to the Seyfo Center. It is now becoming a salient point in international political agendas. Until recently only the Armenian aspect of the genocide was known and most people were not aware that the entire Christian population of the then Ottoman Empire was subjected and suffered under the same genocidal policies of the Young Turks.

This is a recognisable difference that I am talking about: it is the recognition and inclusion of the Assyrian and Greek genocide as part of the earlier known Armenian genocide. I would also like to iterate certain beliefs of mine to avoid any confusion. My knowledge on the subject, which is the Assyrian Genocide, is after all not unlimited, but I was born in Turkey, Turkish language is one of the ten languages I speak, and I know the Turkish policy very well and the reality of the Turkish state.

This is not because my people from Urmi, Iraq and the rest of the world are less important to me. This is absolutely not the case. I am very grateful for the efforts of the Assyrian Aid Society and similar organizations in providing aid to our people in Iraq and making their voices heard in America and the rest of the civilized world. Dear Friends,. In a very short time all our lives where changed when we saw the monumental World Trade Center buildings destroyed.

Nearly three thousand people lost their lives. The scenes of September 11th are still vivid in our memory. The engulfing flames were hellish, the clouds of the buildings collapsing were Hiroshima-like. The images of people jumping out of the 33rd floor are forever disturbing. The idea that people who went to work that day on a normal morning were never going to return to their husbands, wives, and children touched all our hearts.

This was a severe and a painful tragedy, which should never be forgotten. As life goes on and close to ten years will have passed, the active memory is still going on. However, there is one consolation for those who lost their relatives and loved ones. They have a resting place for those lost loved ones, which now has been transformed to a memorial of flowers, candles, and pictures, never letting the world forget the tragedy that occurred there.

Furthermore, some of those who were responsible for the call of jihad which means the holy war for Islam have been punished. We Assyrians as a people have been punished more. Our perfect little world has been changed forever. We are not in them. The world tragedy that took place ninety-five years ago is not in our history books! The word jihad is a familiar word that is not new to Assyrians, Armenians and Greeks. On November 14, there was a decision to call for jihad, not different from the decision which was called for on the American public and the people of New York.

This decision of jihad was preached and read in all of the mosques, while the world stood still watching. As a result, in the crime of Genocide was committed in Turkey, against the Christians, namely, the Assyrians, the Armenians, and the Greeks. This was the first large genocide of the 20th century, in which not 3 thousand people perished but more than 2 million young-old, men and women, boys and girls were killed. If you divide the number 2 million by 3 thousand, which is the number of those who lost their lives in New York, you will get the number In other words the tragedy that was suffered by our people in was times bigger numerically than the tragedy that was experienced in New York.

No loss of life large or small should be taken for granted, and all losses should always be remembered. Unfortunately, those who watched our people being massacred 95 years ago continue to stand still. Not enough action has been taken, and Turkey, continues to deny that the crime of genocide was ever committed.

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The Assyrian Genocide is the unknown genocide of the 20th century. The tragedy of systematic cleansing by the Ottoman Empire of the Christian minorities living under their occupation included the Assyrians, the Armenians, and the Greeks. Why do I persist in the task of recognition of the Assyrian Genocide? The past is the past. Let the dead rest. In addition, my response to them is, that the past shapes our future and to progress you must learn from the past. The Assyrian genocide is not at all known globally. An unknown and denied genocide inflicts great emotional pain on us children of a people victimized by genocide.

Even though the democratic world has failed to prevent the genocide committed against our people, it now has to cooperate to alleviate the problems we are facing today. As part of the first genocide of the twentieth century, Assyrian Genocide studies should be taught in all universities as a topic in the introduction of crimes of genocide and against humanity. Committed wherever and by whomever, genocide remains genocide. It survives the traces of time.

History provides us not only with pure facts about when or where specific events have occurred, but also with a mean to cope with the past.

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Past genocides have to be known and condemned in order to prevent future genocides. It is a big mistake to think that a genocide lies in the past and should be forgotten. History is not about oblivion. It is about knowledge. It is about education. It is about the future.

And this is precisely why the Assyrian Genocide should be known and considered. We Assyrians lost two thirds of our population in We were uprooted from our motherland. The remnants of the genocide were cast into distant parts of the world. Today we are struggling with our sheer existence. Finally, many contemporary problems are a product of the genocide. How can we forget about all this? Seyfo Center makes its collections available and provides research assistance to scholars, writers, journalists, filmmakers, government agencies, and other responsible organizations with special arrangement.

Documentation of the Assyrian Genocide by documenting oral history and authenticating written physical evidence. Representation of the Assyrian Genocide among parliaments and government bodies. Education of non-Assyrians in political and academic forums. Political activism on behalf of the Assyrian Genocide Publication of books, reports, brochures, and other means of media. I am very glad to tell you that we have made great achievements in the last ten years regarding the Assyrian Genocide. First of all the word Seyfo is now more known on both national and international levels.

April 30th , the South Australian state parliament officially recognised and condemned the Armenian, Greek and Assyrian Genocide between by the Ottoman Empire. May 13th , a press conference took place in the Swedish Parliament. A Kurdish intellectual called Berzan Boti apologized for the Genocide of and as an act of restitution handed back his property to its rightful owners — the Assyrians.

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The deeds of his property were then transferred to the Seyfo Centre. Thanks to the tireless efforts of the Assyrians in Australia, a monument was erected and unveiled in August as a memorial for the Assyrian victims of First World War and the Simele Massacre. I am sure, that in the very near future we will have more monuments erected around the world and the number of countries who recognize the Assyrian Genocide will increase dramatically. Motivated by the desire and instructions of Germany, Sultan Mehmet the 5th declared jihad or holy Islamic war against all the Christians living within its territories on October This holy war was declared again on November 14, by Sheikh al-Islam, the Highest Cleric of the Islamic Faith, and it was preached and read in the mosques all around the Ottoman Empire.

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It is important to know this. The declaration of the holy war jihad , without favoritism, was pertinent against all of the Christians. As a result, over two million young and old men, women and children of Armenian, Assyrian and Greek descent lost their lives.

What we have learned from Ottoman documents is that Armenian deportations and massacres were not isolated acts directed only against Armenians. The proclamation of jihad was propagated as a Holy War against the Christian infidels who were most commonly known amongst the Ottomans as gawurs a term which means infidels. November 14, was not a proclamation just specifically directed towards the Armenians but also against Assyrians and Greeks as well. The general plan was to homogenize Turkey.

The other was the removal and annihilating the non-Muslim people from Turkey, as a result of which over 2 million Armenians, Assyrians and Greeks were massacred, starved to death and deported. Prior to the First World War, the population of Turkey was fourteen million; 4. Today in Turkey, the total number of Christians only amounts to 0. Specific Examples of Oral History Used in Capturing our History Many of our oral history documentations gathered at the Seyfo Center are firsthand testimonies of eyewitness accounts. All the witnesses I have interviewed wanted to clarify that neither the architects nor the perpetuators made any distinction between any ethnic Christians.

We have also been able to extract much information regarding the massacres from eyewitness accounts who reported back to their respective embassies. The following are some examples:. American Ambassador Morgenthau in Constantinople who gave reports about his contacts with the government of the Young Turks which included reports about other peoples in addition to his well known reports about the Armenians.