State Capital Online Games Use these online games to help students master the names and locations of the 50 state capitals. Students will continue to improve their scores as they learn the names of the 50 state capitals. Once they master the skill, occasional reinforcement will verify that the skill is sticking. Leave this field blank. Search Search. Newsletter Sign Up. Search form Search.
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Grades K Objectives Students will work cooperatively with peers to learn and practice state capital names and locations. Keywords U.
Want ideas for helping students learn the names and locations of the 50 U. See our lesson, Speed State-ing We doubt that few of your students will qualify for the National Geography Bee, but that is no reason to believe they shouldnt know the names and locations of the 50 U. State Capital Maps Use these maps with capital names and locations identified to help students become familiar with and learn the names and locations of the state capitals: State Capital Map 1 State Capital Map 2 State Capital Map 3 State Capital Map 4 Have students work together in pairs to make a list of each state name and the name of that states capital.
State Capital Games A variety of tutorials and games help students learn state capital names and then test their knowledge.
The Human Capital Gap
For example: State Capitals: Beginner Game. Capital Catch What is the capital of each state? This multiple-choice game lets you choose from four city names and receive immediate feedback. State Capitals Kids, or pairs of kids, will enjoy this game because they get to choose the state, then identify which of three cities is its capital. Capital Map Quiz Random capital city names are presented. Students must click on the state that matches the capital name. Move the capital city star symbol to the correct location on the map. The map determines by how many miles, on average, you miss pinpointing the exact location of the capitals.
Students can keep trying to improve their precision. Assessment Students will continue to improve their scores as they learn the names of the 50 state capitals. Scroll down or click for work sheet text and answer key. Click for our archive of Every-Day Edit activities from previous weeks. Over the summer, the players practis and train. The season ends with playoffs and the championship game. Do you have a favorit football team you will watch this year. In April, the league holds a draft where teams pick players.
Over the summer, the players practice and train. Starting in September, each team spends the next 17 weeks playing games. Do you have a favorite football team you will watch this year? Materials: Printable Student Worksheet Starter: Say: Why do you think that drawing inferences is something that you need to do? Allow the students to answer. Main: Say: We all draw inferences when we are reading. It is important to be able to draw inferences because many times you need to be able to draw a conclusion based on information that has not been stated. Drawing an inference is also called reading between the lines and you do it when you are reading and when you are having a conversation with someone.
In science texts, you are often given many details and a lot of information. You need to be able to understand that information and draw conclusions about what is being stated. For example, you might read a text that says that there were pieces of an egg found in a nest.
What inference would you make?
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You would infer that a bird had hatched out of the egg that was in the nest. In science texts, it is important to understand the difference between an observation and an inference. An observation is something that someone has seen and then written about. Scientists use inferences all of the time, especially when they are learning about something that they cannot actually see or touch, like fossils or outer space.
Now, you are going to read a paragraph about a science topic.
While you are reading, pay attention to the details and to any inferences that you might be drawing while you read. Then, you will answer the questions. Does anyone have any questions? Feedback: Say: Who would like to share their answers? Allow the students to share and go over the answers. Why or why not? Main: Say: A fairytale is a story written for children that has magic or imaginary beings and lands. That is the theme of my presentation.
The term human capital may not be familiar to all of you. Human capital refers to the skills, education, health, and training of individuals. It is capital because these skills or education are an integral part of us that is long-lasting, in the way a machine, plant, or factory lasts. Prior to the nineteenth century, systematic investment in human capital was not important in any country. Expenditures on schooling, on-the-job training, and other forms of investment were quite small. This began to change radically during that century with the application of science to the development of new goods and more efficient methods of production, first in Great Britain, and then gradually spreading to other countries.
It has been estimated that human capital—education, on-the-job and other training, and health—comprises about 80 percent of the capital or wealth in the United States and other advanced countries. The importance of human capital to growth is perhaps excessively illustrated by the outstanding records of Japan, Taiwan, Hong Kong, South Korea, and other fast-growing Asian economies. But they are obvious examples because they lack natural resources—which typically is overstated greatly as a determinant of economic performance—and face discrimination against their exports in the West.
Nevertheless, they have managed to grow extremely rapidly in significant part because they have had a well-trained, well-educated, and hard-working labor force, and dedicated parents. If you look at Korea, for example, all the coal is in North, not South, Korea. Prior to the Korean War, the north was the richer part of Korea.
Today North Korea is an economic disaster while South Korea is a very prosperous, democratic nation. South Korea prospered, I believe, mainly because it was able to utilize and promote the talents of its population effectively. All the Asian Tigers are highly educated and literate. On-the-job and other training, as well as good work habits and values, support these hardworking people.
Every culture has the capacity to produce a successfully developing nation, be it Asia or Latin America, where we see examples in Chile and possibly Argentina and Brazil. It is not the culture that has prevented Africa from growing but the policies governments have inflicted on their people.
With good policies, there is nothing in African culture to prevent these nations from joining in increasing numbers the economically advanced nations of the world. Many economists have examined the growth of more than one hundred nations since Why have nations that started out poor, such as Nigeria and other nations in Africa, remained economically stagnant or even regressed? And why has a nation such as Argentina, once one of the richest nations in the world, fallen back over a sixty-year period? I am not saying that machinery and physical capital are of negligible importance in a modern economy.
Of course, you need good machinery, equipment, and factories. But you also need skilled workers and managers, and innovative entrepreneurs to utilize this machinery effectively. There are many examples of nations that have imported the best possible machinery and have had dismal results. You cannot grow without a strong human capital base. Success depends on how well a nation utilizes its people. If it treats them badly, leads them to underinvest in themselves, or neglects a significant fraction of them, it will fail in the modern world, no matter how much machinery it utilizes.
One might think that the value of having an educated and trained population would have fallen over time because there are so many more educated people in the world. Although the supply of educated people has increased, technology has been shifting rapidly and significantly in favor of the better trained, more educated people.
So, despite the sizable increase in supply of educated people in the United States, in most European nations and in some of the developing nations there has also been tremendous growth in the advantages of getting additional education and training. From about to , the typical college graduate in the United States earned about 40 percent more than the typical high school graduate, while the typical high school graduate earned some 40 percent more than the typical high school dropout.
These premiums have doubled to between 70 percent and 80 percent.
The reasons are not completely clear. Economic studies are fairly convincing that it is not just because this is an increasingly competitive world with low-skilled jobs being exported to Asia and other poorer countries. Although that is happening, the major determinant seems to be technology. Computers are one example. Knowledge is power in the modern world. Lack of human capital development tends to show up more in Europe in increasing unemployment. There has been a complete reversal since then.
Unemployment in France now is 11 percent; West Germany is about 9 percent; Britain is 8. Similar numbers apply in most of the Netherlands and Belgium. Most of these unemployed people are less-educated young people without job experience or on-the-job investment. Education and training not only promote growth and efficiency, but they can reduce inequality and the impact of disadvantaged backgrounds. Education is the most effective way for able young people of poor backgrounds to rise in the economic hierarchy, because human capital is the main asset of 90 percent of the population.
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This is why income inequality in a nation is greater when inequality in education is greater. Indeed, income inequality is more generally related to inequality in all types of human capital: in training and health, as well as in schooling. It is not surprising, therefore, that the increased inequality in incomes in the United States since the mid-seventies has been caused in good part by larger returns to schooling and other training, and that many countries, like Mexico and Brazil, have major pockets of poverty related to regional disparities in opportunities for education.
Where does human capital come from? What constitutes a successful investment in human capital, either at the individual or national level? One has to start with the family. It is the foundation of a good society and of economic success.
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Families have differed over time, but they are still very important in the modern economy. Families are the major promoters of values in any free society and even in not-so-free societies. Families make a variety of decisions. One is whether to have many children or to have fewer children and to try to do more for each child. As countries develop, the trend shifts very strongly toward the latter. Every nation that has developed has done that, some in remarkably short periods of time.
Taiwan, for example, has a birth rate lower than the United States. Declining birth rates also characterize Hong Kong, Mexico, and Poland. Greater education of parents, perhaps of mothers, tends to improve the treatment of children, especially of daughters. The gap between the education of sons and daughters is smaller when parents are more educated. More educated men and women tend to invest more in their own health and the health of their children.
I will only mention a few examples of the considerable evidence on the link between education and health.