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Summer fishing for tautog is virtually non existent, and the winter months finds the tautog going dormant. Until spring when they start their spawning. Cunner Scientific Name: Tautogolabrus adspersus. The cunner is a year-round resident of coastal Connecticut and can generally be found in shallow waters around rocks and eelgrass. Marked by a small mouth and several rows of jaw teeth, this buck-toothed fish feeds on various invertebrates.

Three quarters of the dorsal fin is supported by spines. Closely related to the tautog, the cunner differs by a slimmer body, more pointed snout and thinner lips. Its color will vary with the background of its habitat. Average length is 6 to 10 inches. It is sexually mature by 4 inches in length. Cunners and tautog are the only wrasse species in Connecticut waters. American Shad Scientific Name: Alosa sapidissima. The American shad is an anadromous fish that enters the tributaries to spawn in early spring.

The shad is the largest member of the herring family to frequent Connecticut coastal waters. It has a laterally compressed body with a sharp saw-edged belly and a deeply forked tail.

Red Lionfish

Anglers can distinguish shad from river herring by the presence of four to six dusky spots running along the body behind the gills. Females are sexually mature at 19 inches in length. Shad may be taken by anglers using artificial lures and spinning rods or with fly fishing gear. They are a great fighting fish on light tackle. Tomcod Scientific Name: Microgadus tomcod. The tomcod is a winter and early spring species often caught by accident while fishing for winter flounder. Most weigh less than 1 pound, measure less than 12 inches, and primarily occur in estuaries and tidal rivers.

Juvenile tomcod are attracted to the shallow eelgrass which are prime nursery grounds for this species. The tomcod is distinguishable from cod by its elongate pelvic rays, rounded tail and dark mottling on its back and sides. Little Tunny false albacore Scientific Name: Euthynnus alletteratus. The little tunny is both the most common and the smallest of tuna in the Atlantic Ocean.

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It is highly sought after as a sport fish due to its line rips and hard fighting ability when hooked. White perch Scientific Name: Morone americana.

The white perch is a small schooling fish caught in Connecticut. It spends most of the year in estuarine waters, migrating to brackish or fresh water to reproduce in late March and early April. Adults can reach 8 to 10 inches in length and weigh up to 1 pound. White perch have spines on the dorsal, anal and pelvic fins.

Marine Fish Breeding

A member of the bass family, it is distinguishable from striped bass by the lack of prominent lateral stripes and its generally smaller size. Most anglers targeting them will fish with brine shrimp, grass shrimp, and sandworms. For lure fishermen they will throw swedish pimples, and kastmasters. Skates Scientific Name: Raja sp. The three skate species that occur in connecticut coastal waters are the longnose, clearnose, and common.

They are, however, easily distinguished from other saltwater species by their flattened bodies and large wing-like pectoral fins.

Don't Buy This: Why Tropical Fish Can Make Terrible Pets

Skates are caught year-round both from shore and from boats fishing in offshore areas, though most landings occur in spring and fall. They will eat any bait thrown for other species. Dogfish Scientific Name: Squalus acanthias.


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The dogfish is frequently encountered by anglers and people fishing from party or charter boats. Traveling in schools, dogfish are year round residents of long island sound. Commonly caught while fishing for other species, anglers consider them to be a nuisance.

Top 10 Most Expensive Saltwater Fish

They will readily take any bait offered and are caught more in the spring and early fall. This small shark species is easily identified by its slender body, flattened head and rough slate gray skin. Adult dogfish generally weigh 7 to 10 pounds and all females are sexually mature by the time they are 36 inches long. Monkfish Scientific Name: Lophius americanus. The monkfish is a unique-looking species difficult to confuse with other coastal Connecticut fishes.

Sharp curved teeth and a lure-like elongate ray above the eyes make the monkfish an effective predator on other species — even sea birds. Females become sexually mature by 18 inches in length. The monkfish is often caught incidentally by anglers using live bait in search of other groundfish. Summer Flounder fluke Scientific Name: Paralichthys dentatus. The summer flounder is a left-sided flounder that is distinguished by the presence of 10 to 14 eye-like spots on its body and a large mouth that extends beyond the eyes which contain rows of very sharp teeth.

Average adults may weigh from 2 to 5 pounds, and all females are sexually mature at 17 inches in length. They are excellent table fare. Most anglers fishing for these toothy flounder will use minnows, mummichugs, squid, mackerel, and menhaden. A light to medium action rod is perfect with lb test line. Windowpane Flounder Scientific Name: Scophthalmus aquosus. As a left-sided flatfish, it can be distinguished from the summer flounder by the fringed appearance of the first several rays of the dorsal fin.

Coloration may be pale brown or olive-green with a scattering of irregularly shaped small brown spots. Adults rarely exceed 1 pound and all females are sexually mature at 12 inches in length. They are commonly caught while jigging for summer flounder using squid, minnows, and mummichugs. Weakfish Scientific Name: Cynoscion regalis. A large, slender, marine fish, it is found along the east coast of North America. The head and back of this fish are dark brown in color with a greenish tinge.

One is to ask the pet store whether they were bred in captivity.


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  8. Another option is to download the Tank Watch app, developed by For the Fishes, which allows you to quickly discern between fish bred in captivity "good fish" and wild fish captured using cyanide "bad fish". If this is your first fish, consider easy breeds like the cinnamon clownfish, clarkii clownfish and tomato clownfish. Caring for your tank is just as important as picking out the right fish. And avoid placing the tank in direct sunlight or setting it on the ground. The saltwater aquarium, with its bright coral and even brighter fish, brings a piece of the wild into your living room.

    But do you really know where those saltwater fish come from? They must instead be taken from ocean reefs.

    Don't Buy This: Why Tropical Fish Can Make Terrible Pets - VICE

    And how is that done? Sodium cyanide is a highly toxic chemical compound that many fish collectors in the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Indonesia the largest exporters of tropical fish crush and dissolve in squirt bottles to spray on the fish—and the reef and all the other marine life in the vicinity. Stunned, the target fish can then easily be scooped up. Up to 90 percent of the 11 million tropical fish that enter the U. Other data suggests the number is significantly smaller, but researchers say that the percentage is beside the point—any cyanide use on reefs is seriously problematic.

    This reef off the island of Luzon in the Philippines has been destroyed, either by cyanide fishing or dynamite fishing. People are trying to breed popular species in captivity, but no one has really figured it out yet. There are about 1, species of marine aquarium fish in the trade, and breeders have only managed to successfully raise a few of those, including several types of clownfish and gobies.

    The Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Indonesia have all banned cyanide fishing, according to the Center for Biological Diversity, yet it still happens on a large scale. In the Philippines, private planes allegedly bring in cyanide to the fishermen and then whisk away the live fish, the World Wildlife Fund reported.

    Live fish make fishermen a lot more money than dead ones, so more and more fishermen have turned from supplying the fish-for-food trade to the fish-for-aquariums trade, according to the World Wildlife Fund. Many, many more die in transit.