The traditions of this part of the country, and of perhaps every other, may be divided into three great classes. Those of the first and simplest class are strictly local; they record real events, and owe their chief interest to their delineations of Character. Those of the second are pure inventions. They are formed mostly after a set of models furnished perhaps by the later bards, and are common—though varying in different places according to the taste of the several imitators who first introduced them, or the chance alterations which they afterwards received—to almost every district of Scotland.
The traditions of the third and most complex class are combinations of the two others, with in some instances a dash of original invention, and in others a mixture of that superstitious credulity which can misconceive as ingeniously as the creative faculty can invent.
Collier Books Sir James George Frazer was a Scottish social anthropologist influential in the early stages of the modern studies of mythology and comparative religion. His most famous work, The Golden Bough: A Study in Magic and Religion , documents and details similar magical and religious beliefs across the globe. He posited that human belief progressed through three stages: primitive magic, replaced by religion, in turn replaced by science. The study of myth and religion became his areas of expertise.
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His prime sources of data were ancient histories and questionnaires mailed to missionaries and Imperial officials all over the globe. He was the first to detail the relations between myths and rituals. It was first published in two volumes in ; in three volumes in ; the third edition, published —15, comprised twelve volumes. Frazer offered a modernist approach to discussing religion, treating it dispassionately as a cultural phenomenon rather than from a theological perspective.
The influence of The Golden Bough on contemporary European literature and thought was substantial.
The Golden Bough attempts to define the shared elements of religious belief to scientific thought, discussing fertility rites, human sacrifice, the dying god, the scapegoat and many other symbols and practices whose influence has extended into twentieth-century culture. Its thesis is that old religions were fertility cults that revolved around the worship and periodic sacrifice of a sacred king. Frazer proposed that mankind progresses from magic through religious belief to scientific thought. From the traditions surrounding the mysterious and deadly Mermaid of Galloway. It contains two sets of colourful pictures, many reproductions of old engravings and last but not least an illustrated map for each region of Scotland, each map being dotted with funny little symbols indicating what to see within a given place.
Notes on the Folklore of the North-East of Scotland
If you follow any study, even that of a popular tale, far enough, it will lead you to a closed door, beyond which you cannot pass till you have searched and found the key, and every study will lead the wisest to a fast locked door at last; but knowledge lies beyond these doors, and one key may open the way to many a store which can be reached, and may be turned to evil or to good.
Popular Tales of the West Highlands first published in is an enduring monument to John Francis Campbell and his assistants, who undertook an immense labour of love and travelled into the remotest regions to collect tales from storytellers who had themselves heard them as children over fifty years before. With word-by-word transcriptions of the original Gaelic of many stories, this is an irreplaceable sourcebook.
No specialist will want to be without these volumes. But anyone, specialist or not, opening the book at random, will at once be caught up in the magnificent story-telling, lost in a strangely familiar or totallly unexpected tale. Who could forget the Hoodie malevolent crow who appears so often, or the Daughter of the Skies, or the Sea-Maiden, or the giants and fairies, all with their subtly Gaelic flavour?
From the backcover of Popular Tales of the West Highlands volume 1. It would be too long to introduce within the limits of a single article all the books I have in my library on the subject of Scottish folk-lore. Several shelves are devoted to Walter Scott and James Hogg. You can use these HTML tags. Name required. Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Details if other :.
Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. This scarce antiquarian book is included in our special Legacy Reprint Series. In the interest of creating a more extensive selection of rare historical book reprints, we have chosen to reproduce this title even though it may possibly have occasional imperfections such as missing and blurred pages, missing text, poor pictures, markings, dark backgrounds and other reproduct This scarce antiquarian book is included in our special Legacy Reprint Series. In the interest of creating a more extensive selection of rare historical book reprints, we have chosen to reproduce this title even though it may possibly have occasional imperfections such as missing and blurred pages, missing text, poor pictures, markings, dark backgrounds and other reproduction issues beyond our control.
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Showing Rating details. All Languages. Each Uisge The highland water horse of the sea and sea lochs. It would usually appears as a fine horse, anybody trying to mount it would become attached to its adhesive skin. It would then rush into the deepest part of the loch and devour its victim. Fachan A highland spirit with one leg and one hand standing from a ridge on its chest.
The creature used to drag women and children under the water and devour them. Fuath an A generic term for Scottish water spirits who dwell in the sea in rivers, and in fresh water and sea lochs. It wore clothes of moss and lichen and had black hair. Henkies One version of the Orkney and Shetland Trow. Joint Eater An invisible fairy who sits next to people and eats their food so that they gain no benefit from it. Kelpies A shapeshifting water horse that haunted Scottish rivers. It often appeared as a horse but it could take the form of a man and leap at passers by.
Luideag A dangerous water spirit who haunted the loch of the black trout on the Isle of Skye.http://aultenergy.com/media/novel/hanol-psychoanalysis-comparable-and.php
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Morool A Shetland sea monster with many eyes, probably a misidentified fish or sea creature. Muilearteach A blue faced hag who takes several forms, she is similar to the Cailleach Bheur. Nuckelavee A hideous creature part horse and part man with long sinewy arms. The creature had no skin and its muscle structure and veins could clearly be seen. It had an aversion to fresh water. Pechs Another name for the Picts, who were often seen as fairies by the conquering Scots many hundreds of years later.
Red cap A fearsome spirit who haunted the old border castles, he was wiry and small, with Iron claws and a red bonnet. They dipped their hats in their victims blood to give them their red colour. Selkies Seal spirits who could take human form on land. They often intermarried with mortals. Shellycoat A male water spirit from the Borders region. They wore shells and could be dangerous.
Shoopiltee A water horse from the Shetland Isles, they took the appearance of a small horse.
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Slaugh A name given to a group of very dangerous spirits from the highlands. They were known as the unforgiven dead. They were always malevolent and sometimes thought to be fallen angels. Tarrans Supposed to be the spirits of babies who have died without baptism they manifested as lights, localised to North East Scotland. A similar explanation is given for the West Country Pixies. Urisk A spirit very similar to a faun in that they are half human and half goat.
They are said to haunt pools and waterfalls. Water Wraiths Female water spirits who drag people down into the depths. They dressed in green and had withered faces. Wulver A Shetland supernatural creature with the body of man and a wolfs head.
They were said to be benevolent. August 6, September 18, November 8, Irish History is richly laced with folk tale, superstition, myths, legends and religious account of events that defy logic. This is true of the stories found in the annals of the four masters. It was in this text that the name Lough Derg, a lake located in Donegal County, was coined as the red lake based on a translation of the word dearg being red.